The creation of the Brazilian Soil Science Society (SBCS) in 1947 was one of the most significant chapters in the history of soil science in Brazil. Its foundational meeting took place in October 1947, in the conference hall of the Agricultural Chemistry Institute of Rio de Janeiro. By the end of this meeting, the General Assembly had approved the creation of the SBCS and the new society was housed in the Agricultural Chemistry Institute until 1975, when the head office moved to the Agronomic Institute of Campinas, where the executive department was created. At the same time, the SBCS launched the Brazilian Journal of Soil Science (1977) and the SBCS bulletin (1976). In 1997, the head office was moved to its present location in the Department of Soils of the Federal University of Viçosa. In 2009, the Statute of the SBCS was reformulated for the second time in order to attend the Structure of the IUSS.
In the 2nd article of the SBCS creation statutes, the main objectives of the society are stated as follows: a) to promote and improve association between partners and exchange of knowledge between those involved in research, education, disclosure or technical activities for a better use of soil and water in Brazil; b) disseminate the knowledge on scientific methods and applied technologies for use, treatment and conservation of soil and water; c) adapt and standardize nomenclature, methods of soil analysis, and quality control; d) contribute to the organization of the Brazilian of Soils Classification System and soil surveys; f) support the development of Soil Science-specialized libraries, museums, and databases in Soil Science.
During its 69 years of activities, integrated and maintained for more than 1,500 active members, working in all regions of the country, the SBCS has been responsible for profound changes in Brazilian agriculture, from research and studies produced by its members in different national and international institutions. Based on this history, the SBCS is the most consolidated scientific society in the area of Agricultural Sciences in the country. The SBCS and its members are proud to contribute to the success of agribusiness in the Brazilian economy and undertake the responsibility to fulfill its role in the dissemination and knowledge of Soil Science.
The Brazilian Soil Science Society is responsible for congregating professionals and institutions in order to promote and develop Soil Science in Brazil. Therefore, it is administrative organized in eigth nuclei and scientific organized in four Divisions and fifteen Committees: a) Soil in space and time (Soil Genesis and Morphology; Soil Survey and Classification; Pedometry); b) Soil properties and process (Soil Biology; Soil Physics; Soil Mineralogy; Soil Chemistry; Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition); c) Soil use and management (Management and Conservation of Soil and Water; Planning and use of the land; Pollution, Soil Remediation and Restoration); d) Soil-environment-society ( Education and public perception of soils; Soil and Food Safety; History, Epistemology and Sociology of Soil Schttp://www.seculocom.com/ience).
To achieve its goals, SBCS has been promoting several special events and periodical meetings for exchange of knowledge among members, and disclosure of Soil Science studies. The Brazilian Congress of Soil Science is now in the 35th edition. Additionally, the SBCS promoted 23 editions of the Brazilian Meeting of soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition, 27 editions of the Management and Conservation of Soil and Water, and 7 editions of the FertBio (Brazilian Meeting of Fertility and Soil Biology). SBCS is also responsible for the Soil Correlation and Classification Meetings, an event in which pedologists discuss, among other things, how soil genesis, morphology and classification can be used in soil conservation, how it fits in the Brazilian Soil Classification System, and how the system can be improved.